Bookmark This Page

HomeHome SitemapSitemap Contact usContacts

Dairy Cattle Breeds

There are well over a hundred different horse breeds in the world, and it may be impossible to get to know every single of them. But, if you are a true horse-lover, you may already know a vast number of them and are still keen to know more.

Humans and Horses

To understand horse breeds, it is important to first understand how the relationship between humans and horses began. Believe it or not, horses first became valuable to humans because they produced milk and could be eaten. Later on, however, humans realised that horses were strong and fast and began to use them to carry or draw loads and as a mode of transportation.

Nowadays, specific horses are bred for specific purposes. They are no longer just used to do labors. Rather, they are more often kept for sports or leisure riding.

Horse Breeding

In order for the new-born horses to carry certain traits, breeders usually need to select specific male and female horses with the desired characteristics to mate. With the success of purposeful breeding, more horses are now bred in planned ways to meet specific needs. A widely known example is the racing horses. In fact, there are different registries around the world that document the various horse breeds.

To know about the different horse breeds is probably a hard mission for an average person, but a true horse-lover can usually tell a lot of the breeds. This is especially true for someone who is fond of horse racing or simply would like to get himself a horse. Often, knowing the breed of your horse would tell you what the horse is capable of doing and whether its price is truly justified.

Classification of Horses

Although there are many horse breeds, horses are generally placed under three main groups - pony, light, and heavy horses.

Most of us would probably already be familiar with ponies. These are definitely the smallest of horses. Some would even not consider them horses at all. Even so, ponies can be as hardy as other horses. Some breeds can carry adult riders and pull heavy loads. Because of their size and mild nature, ponies are often kept as pets by children. Examples of pony breeds are the Shetland and Welsh ponies.

Light horses are also strong like ponies but they are definitely taller, faster and have a sleeker look. Most light horses are used for riding and racing. In some cases, breeds of this kind also help with cattle rounding and carriage pulling. Examples of light horse breeds are Arabian, Thoroughbred, Appaloosa, Quarter Horse, Morgan and Standardbred.

Some horses belong to the heavy group. In the past, these horses were used for war. They were also used for carrying and pulling heavy loads. Heavy horses are therefore ideal for farm work. They are large but have well-formed, powerful muscles, shoulders and legs. Heavy horse breeds include Shire, Clydesdale, Percheron and Lipizzaner.

With the many different horse breeds, there is definitely a horse for every horse lover. Do remember though that horse breeds that belong to the same group may also have different traits of their own.

We have just discussed the basics of different horse breeds. If you are interested, you can explore more from our online guide about horse breeding. You may also like to check out our complete online horse guide for just any horse-related topics.